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Wahrnehmung und Umgang mit Diversität im Gesundheitssystem (Dr.'in Houda Hallal)


Amutah C., Greenidge K., , Mante A., Munyikwa M. , Surya S.L., Higginbotham E., Jones D.S., Lavizzo-Mourey R., Roberts D., Tsai, Aysola J. Misrepresenting Race — The Role of Medical Schools in Propagating Physician Bias. N Engl J Med January 6, 2021. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMms2025768

Choo, E. .The Penumbra - Seven things organisations should be doing to combat racism . The Lancet July 18 2020.

Vyas D.A., Eisenstein L.G., Jones D.S. Hidden in Plain Sight — Reconsidering the Use of Race Correction in Clinical Algorithms. N Engl J Med 2020; 383:874-882. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMms2004740

Cooper, L.A.,  Crews D.C. (2020) COVID-19, racism, and the pursuit of health care and research worthy of trust. Journal Clinical Investigation. https://doi.org/10.1172/JCI141562.

Dennis S.N., Gold R. S., Wen F.K. (2019) Learner Reactions to Activities Exploring Racism as a Social Determinant of Health. Family Medicine, Vol. 51, No.1 / January 2019.  https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30633797/

Egede L.E, M.D. Walker, Walker R.J. (2020) Structural Racism, Social Risk Factors, and Covid-19 — A Dangerous Convergence for Black Americans. https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMp2023616?articleTools=true

Garay, C. J., Paulo Buss, P., Madrigal, R.S., Rispel L.Ch. (2020) Health inequity during the COVID-19 pandemic: a cry for ethical global leadership. Correspondence. www.thelancet.com Published online May 15, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1016/ S0140­6736(20)31145­4   

Hardeman R. R., Burgess D., Murphy, K.,  Satin D.J., Nielsen J., Potter T.M.,  Karbeah J´M. Zulu-Gillespie M., Apolinario-Wilcoxon A., Reif Ch., Cunningham B.A. (2018) Developing a Medical School Curriculum on Racism: Multidisciplinary, Multiracial Conversations Informed by Public Health Critical Race Praxis (PHCRP ). August 2018. Ethnicity & Disease 28(Supp 1):271. DOI:  10.18865/ed.28.S1.271

Lampert T, Richter, M., Schneider, S.,  Spallek, J. Dragano, N. (2016) Soziale Ungleichheit und Gesundheit. Stand und Perspektiven der sozialepidemiologischen Forschung in Deutschland. Bundesgesundheitsbl 2016 · 59:153–165. Publikationsserver des Robert Koch Instituts. https://edoc.rki.de/bitstream/handle/176904/2478/20BQIsykq9Qi6.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

Lampert T, Kroll LE, Kuntz B, Hoebel J (2018) Gesundheitliche Ungleichheit in Deutschland und im internationalen Vergleich: Zeitliche Entwicklungen und Trends. Journal of Health Monitoring 3(S1): 1–26. DOI 10.17886/RKI-GBE-2018-019

Napier, A.D., Ancarno, C. Butler, B., Calabrese, J. et al. (The Lancet Commissions) (2014) : Culture and health. Lancet 2014; 384: 1607–39

Published Online October 29, 2014. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(14)61603-2

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine; Health and Medicine Division; Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice; Committee on Community-Based Solutions to Promote Health Equity in the United States (Baciu A, Negussie Y, Geller A, et al., editors.) (2017) : Communities in Action: Pathways to Health Equity. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2017  The State of Health Disparities in the United States. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK425848/pdf/Bookshelf_NBK425848.pdf 

Platt, L. and Ross Warwic, R. (2020) Are some ethnic groups more vulnerable to COVID-19 than others? The Institute for Fiscal Studies. https://www.ifs.org.uk/inequality/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/Are-some-ethnic-groups-more-vulnerable-to-COVID-19-than-others-IFS-Briefing-Note.pdf

Prasad, S., Nair, P. Gadhvi, K., Barai, I., Danish, H.S., Philip, A.B. (2016) Cultural humility: treating the patient, not the illness. Med Educ Online 2016, 21: 30908 - http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/meo.v21.30908

Robert Koch Insitut, Desatis (Hrsg.) (2019): Journal of Health Monitoring - Soziale Unterschiede in Deutschland: Mortalität und Lebenserwartung. https://www.rki.de/DE/Content/Gesundheitsmonitoring/Gesundheitsberichterstattung/GBEDownloadsJ/JoHM_01_2019_Soz_Unterschiede_Mortalitaet.pdf?__blob=publicationFile

Roberts D.E. Abolish race correction. Perspectives. The Lancet January 02, 2021. 2021DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)32716-1

Williams, D.R., Lawrence, J.A., Davis, B. A. (2019) Racism and Health: Evidence and Needed Research. Annual Review of Public Health. Vol. 40:105-125 (Volume publication date April 2019) https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/pdf/10.1146/annurev-publhealth-040218-043750

Rassismus in der Medizin - Gesundheitliche Folgen einer Pseudowissenschaft (Dr.'in Amma Yeboah)


  • Ahmed, Ameena T/Mohammed, Selena A/Williams, David R (2007): Racial discrimination & health: Pathways & evidence, in: Indian Journalof Medical Research, 126(4), 318
  • Ancis, Julie R/Szymanski, Dawn M (2001): Awareness of White privilege among White counseling trainees. In: The Counseling Psychologist, 2001, 29.4, S. 548-569.
  • Bermejo, Isaac et al. (2010): Psychische Störungen bei Menschen mit Migrationshintergrund im Vergleich zur deutschen Allgemeinbevölkerung. In: Psychiatrische Praxis 2010, 37, S. 225-232.
  • Black, Linda/Stone, David (2005): Expanding the Definition of Privilege; The Concept of Social Privilege, Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 33
  • Cénat, Jude Mary (2020): How to provide anti-racist mental health care, The Lancet
  • Choo, Esther (2020): The Penumbra: Seven things organisations should be doing to combat racism, The Lancet, Vol. 396
  • Grube, Michael (2004): Suizidversuche von Migranten in der Akutpsychiatrie. In: Der Nervenarzt, 2004, 75. Jg., Nr. 7, S. 681-687.
  • Gutsell, Jennifer N/Inzlicht, Michael (2012): Intergroup differences in the sharing of emotive states: neural evidence of an empathy gap. In: Social cognitive and affective neuroscience, 2012, 7. Jg., Nr. 5, S. 596-603.
  • Hamed, Sarah; Thapar-Bkörkert; Bradby, Hannah; Ahlberg, Beth Maina (2020): Racism in European Health Care: Structural Violence and Beyond; Qualitative Health Research, Vol 30(11), 1661-1673
  • Igel, Ulrike/Brähler, Elmar/Grande, Gesine (2010): Der Einfluss von Diskriminierungserfahrungen auf die Gesundheit von MigrantInnen. In: Psychiatrische Praxis, 2010, 37. Jg., Nr. 4, S. 183-190.
  • Koch, Eckhardt et al.(2008): Patienten mit Migrationshintergrund in stationär-psychiatrischen Einrichtungen. In: Der Nervenarzt 2008, 79, S. 328-339.
  • Paradies, Yin C/Cunningham, Joan (2012): The DRUID study: Exploring mediating pathways between racism and depressive symptoms among Indigenous Australians. In: Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology, 2012, 47. Jg., Nr. 2, S. 165-173.
  • Pierce, Chestor Middlebrook (1974). Psychiatric problems of the Black minority. In: American handbook of psychiatry, 1974, 2, S. 512-523.
  • Sue, Derald Wing et al. (2007): Racial microaggressions in everyday life: implications for clinical practice. In: American psychologist 62. Jg., Nr. 4, S. 271.
  • Spanierman, Lisa B et al. (2008): Psychosocial costs of racism to white counselors: Predicting various dimensions of multicultural counseling competence. In: Journal of counseling psychology, 2008, 55. Jg., Nr. 1, S. 75.
  • Thandeka (1999): Learning to be white: Money, race, and God in America, Continuum International Publishing Group.
  • Velho, Astride (2011): Auswirkungen von Rassismuserfahrungen auf die Gesundheit, das Befinden und die Subjektivität - Ansätze für eine reflexive Berufspraxis. In: Landeshauptstadt München, Direktorium, Antidiskriminierungsstelle für Menschen mit Migrationshintergrund AMIGRA (Hrsg), Alltagsrassismus und rassistische Diskriminierung, Dokumentation der Fachtagung.
  • Wachendorfer, Ursula (2000): WEISS-SEIN-(k)eine Variable in der Therapie. In: Psychologie Gesellschaftskritik, 2003, 93. Jg., S. 55-68.
  • Williams, David R/Jourdyn A. Lawrence/Brigette A. Davis (2019): Racism and health: evidence and needed research. In: Annual review of public health 40. Jg., S. 105-125.
  • Yeboah, Amma (2017): Rassismus und psychische Gesundheit in Deutschland. In: Rassismuskritik und Widerstandsformen. S. 143-161. Springer VS, Wiesbaden.
  • Yeboah, Amma (2020): in Druck: Gesundheitliche Auswirkungen rassistischer Diskriminierung. In: Prof. Sieberer, Dr. Jung (Hrsg.), Migration und Gesundheit in der Reihe ELSEVIER-Essentials. Elsevier GmbH, München
  • Yip, Tiffany (2018): Ethnic/racial identity—A double-edged sword? Associations with discrimination and psychological outcomes. In: Current Directions in Psychological Science 27. Jg., Nr. 3, S. 170-175.


Postkoloniale Muster in der Medizin - Medizin und deutscher Kolonialismus, eine Zusammenschau von Damals und Heute (Vivien Greiwe)


Empfehlung Buch 

  • Fanon F. Black skin, white masks.